Umbrales en la respuesta de humedad del suelo a condiciones meteorológicas en una ladera Altoandina

Palabras clave: humedad del suelo, eventos de lluvia, factores que controlan la humedad del suelo, umbrales de lluvia, ladera de páramo andino


El suelo y su cobertura vegetal desempeñan un papel crítico en la hidrología del Páramo Andino, proporcionando escorrentía, principalmente por flujo subsuperficial poco profundo. Comprender la dinámica de la humedad del suelo bajo cobertura vegetal prístina, durante eventos de lluvia, es esencial para la planificación futura de los recursos hídricos, considerando la creciente influencia antrópica. Por lo tanto, este estudio se centra en la evaluación de los controladores y umbrales en el cambio máximo de la humedad del suelo (Δθmax) durante eventos de lluvia y su dinámica durante diferentes condiciones de humedad. Los factores que controlan Δθmax, determinados mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman, fueron el volumen precipitado, la intensidad del evento, la humedad antecedente y las condiciones climáticas previas de 5 y 15 días. El análisis de umbrales reveló una respuesta de aumento o disminución en función del estado de humedad, la posición topográfica y la profundidad del estrato de suelo. Este estudio demuestra que, bajo vegetación prístina del Páramo, la precipitación, la humedad antecedente y las condiciones climáticas, determinan, en gran medida, el estado de humedad del suelo que afecta posteriormente la conectividad de las laderas y su funcionamiento hidrológico.


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Tenelanda-Patiño, D., Crespo-Sánchez, P., & Mosquera-Rojas, G. (2018). Umbrales en la respuesta de humedad del suelo a condiciones meteorológicas en una ladera Altoandina. Maskana, 9(2), 53-65.
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