Evaluation of the diagnostic value of fecal calprotectin in dyspepsia patients

Authors

  • Camila González Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Cuenca. Cuenca, Ecuador.
  • Ana Vásquez physician https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5836-2712
  • Diego Córdova Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Cuenca. Cuenca, Ecuador. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3257-7985
  • Paula Abad physician
  • Juan González Departamento de Cirugía General, Hospital São Francisco de Assis, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.
  • Guillermo López Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Cuenca. Cuenca, Ecuador. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6823-8440
  • Juan Cordero Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Cuenca. Cuenca, Ecuador. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4462-6788
  • Esteban González Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Cuenca. Cuenca, Ecuador.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18537/mskn.13.02.06

Keywords:

Dyspepsia, calprotectin, gastroinstestinal endoscopy, colonoscopy, gastrointestinal diseases

Abstract

The diagnosis of patients with dyspepsia represents a challenge since in most cases complex and costly endoscopic observations are required. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic role of fecal calprotectin in patients with dyspepsia. To this end, an observational study was performed in 2019 on 149 patients with dyspepsia registered in the private Gastroenterology Specialists Center in Cuenca, Ecuador. The available data encompassed age, sex, alarm signs, fecal calprotectin (FC) values, and endoscopic findings. Patients in the age group >65 years were most represented, 56.4% of the population were female, 48.57% were FC positive of whom 86.8% possessed significant values of FC. FC+ was significantly associated with findings by EDA/colonoscopy (p<0.001). The most diagnostic pathologies in patients with FC+ were congestive gastropathy, intestinal metaplasia, giardiasis, and polyposis. FC correlated positively with the presence of pathological findings in the invasive diagnostic tests (r=0.298) and is a useful, noninvasive biomarker correlating positively with endoscopic findings in the gastrointestinal tract of dyspepsia patients.

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Author Biography

Juan González, Departamento de Cirugía General, Hospital São Francisco de Assis, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

RESIDENT PHYSICIAN IN ENDOSCOPY, HOSPITAL DAS CLINICAS, UNIVERSITY OF SAO PAULO

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Published

2022-12-24

How to Cite

González, C. ., Vásquez, A., Córdova, D., Abad, P. ., González, J., López, G., Cordero, J., & González, E. (2022). Evaluation of the diagnostic value of fecal calprotectin in dyspepsia patients. Maskana, 13(2), 56–61. https://doi.org/10.18537/mskn.13.02.06

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Section

Research articles