Bioclimatic strategies for high altitude tropical cold climate. Prototype validation in Orduña, Puno, Perú.


  • Martin Wieser Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, PUCP
  • Sofía Rodríguez-Larraín Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, PUCP
  • Silvia Onnis Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, PUCP



thermal insulation, bioclimatic architecture, thermal comfort, frost, High Andean house


Extreme cold conditions in the Peruvian highland region generate recurring problems that affect the health and economy of the local population. The limited thermal performance of the dwellings above 4200 meters above sea level, added to a subsistence economy and the necessary dispersion in the territory, due to their livestock activity, aggravates the situation of vulnerability of the population. Within the framework of a technology transfer project for the thermal and constructive improvement of the high Andean house, a bioclimatic and seismic resistant prototype in the town of Orduña, Puno, Peru, was designed, built and validated, together with the local population. This document focuses on the passive bioclimatic strategies implemented in the prototype, demonstrating that it is possible to obtain thermal comfort in these extreme conditions from the almost exclusive use of local and natural materials.


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2021-01-27 — Updated on 2021-06-09


How to Cite

Wieser, M., Rodríguez-Larraín, S., & Onnis, S. (2021). Bioclimatic strategies for high altitude tropical cold climate. Prototype validation in Orduña, Puno, Perú. Estoa. Journal of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, 10(19), 9–19. (Original work published April 5, 2021)