El (des)encuentro entre los programas de educación sexual en los Colegios y las expectativas de los adolescentes ecuatorianos

Palabras clave: Educación en sexualidad, profesionalismo docente, satisfacción de los adolescentes, Ecuador

Resumen

Considerando la relevancia de las voces de los adolescentes en el diseño e implementación de los programas de educación en sexualidad, el estudio actual explora las percepciones de los adolescentes sobre la educación sexual actual que reciben en la escuela (SSE) y las percepciones sobre el profesionalismo de sus docentes con respecto a este tema (SEPT) en Ecuador. Mediante un procedimiento de muestreo por grupos estratificados en varias etapas se involucró a 702 adolescentes entre 11 y 19 años de edad en el estudio. Las percepciones de los participantes de SSE y SEPT se evaluaron en base a una encuesta tipo Likert con 15 preguntas cerradas y 4 preguntas abiertas. Las respuestas se analizaron en relación con su género, estado migratorio de los padres, edad y ubicación geográfica. Los adolescentes expresaron un nivel alto de satisfacción con la educación sexual recibida en la escuela (SSE) y un nivel medio de satisfacción con las competencias de sus maestros con respecto a la educación sexual (SEPT). Los análisis de regresión logística multinomial revelaron ligeras diferencias en relación con las variables sociodemográficas. Las respuestas a las preguntas abiertas reflejaron la fuerte influencia de un enfoque biológico en la educación en sexualidad. Dados los niveles de satisfacción en SSE y SEPT, y los contrastes entre el enfoque biológico y el marco ecuatoriano general, los resultados tienen implicaciones claras para el diseño y la implementación de futuros programas de educación en sexualidad y la capacitación de propuestas de maestros.

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Publicado
2019-12-18
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Castillo, J., Derluyn, I., & Valcke, M. (2019). El (des)encuentro entre los programas de educación sexual en los Colegios y las expectativas de los adolescentes ecuatorianos. Maskana, 10(2), 21-31. https://doi.org/10.18537/mskn.10.02.03
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