Modelización de las consecuencias hidrológicas del cambio climático y del uso de la tierra - Avances y desafíos

Palabras clave: modelaci´ón hidrológica, cambio climático, cambio del uso de la tierra, retos de investigación, revisión extensa de literatura

Resumen

Este artículo resume el estado del arte en relación a la modelación hidrológica y su capacidad de predecir los efectos del cambio climático y del uso de la tierra sobre el ciclo hidrológico. En conclusión, se abordan los retos investigativos que la comunidad científica debería considerar para poder observar y modelar, a escala regional, el ciclo hidrometeorológico en respuesta a los cambios de origen antropogénico sobre el clima y el uso de la tierra. Los resultados presentados en este documento son el producto de una extensa revisión de literatura científica y de la experiencia personal de los autores. Dado que el enfoque principal de este artículo es el de modelación hidrológica, muchos otros aspectos tales como las buenas prácticas de la gestión integrada de los recursos hídricos, la gobernabilidad transfronteriza de las aguas, el establecimiento de marcos de trabajo institucionales, la potenciación de las comunidades locales para su participación efectiva en la gestión del agua y en la formulación de políticas, entre muchos otros aspectos muy relevantes, no se consideran en este artículo para evitar que el enfoque del mismo se diluya de manera innecesaria.

 

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2011-12-25
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Feyen, J., & Vázquez, R. (2011). Modelización de las consecuencias hidrológicas del cambio climático y del uso de la tierra - Avances y desafíos. Maskana, 2(2), 83-100. https://doi.org/10.18537/mskn.02.02.07
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